Friday Feature


Walter Ulyate Sisulu
Biography of a Freedom Fighter
(1912 – 2003)

“It is a law of life that problems arise when conditions are there for their solution.”  
- Walter Sisulu


Walter Ulyate Sisulu was a South African anti-apartheid activist and a member of the African National Congress (ANC) and the South African Communist Party (SACP). He was born on 18 May 1912 in Ngcobo in Transkei (now Eastern Cape) to Alice Mase Sisulu and Albert Victor Dickenson. He was married to nurse and anti-apartheid activist, Nontsikelelo Albertina Sisulu (nee Thethiwe), and together they had eight children, three of which where adopted.

In Ngcobo, Sisulu attended the Anglican Mission Institute, however, after the death of his uncle at the age of fourteen, he left for Johannesburg to find work. In Johannesburg, Sisulu took up a range of work as a delivery man for a dairy; in the masonry and carpentry department, then as a miner of the Rose Deep Mine in Germiston; as a domestic; and as a baker for Premier Biscuits. In 1940, Sisulu was dismissed at Premier Biscuits because he not only organised a strike for higher wages, but he also attempted to form a union. 

Sisulu also worked as a paint mixer for Herbert Evans in Johannesburg; as a packer for a tobacconist; as a part-time teller at the Union Bank of South Africa, and after 1938 as an advertising salesperson and real estate agent. His real estate business, Sitha Investments sold property to Black and Indian people, and prior to the apartheid government shutting its operation, it was the only Black owned estate agency in South Africa.

In 1940, Sisulu joined the ANC and allied with the organisation’s principle of African nationalism. It was also around this this time that he met Albertina Sisulu, who he later married in 1944. In 1943, as founding member of the ANC Youth League (ANCYL), he attended conferences of the Federation of Democratic Youth in Romania and the International Union of Students in Poland. He also travelled to the Soviet Union, China, and the United Kingdom. When he returned to South Africa he joined the SACP.

In 1949 Sisulu became ANCYL Secretary-General, where he organised the strategy of active protest, most notably the Defiance Campaign of 1952. For his role in the Defiance Campaign, he was arrested for a brief period before being served with the first of his many banning orders under the Suppression of Communism Act. Ultimately, Sisulu was tried and sentenced for nine months imprisonment with hard labour and suspended for two years for his role in the Defiance Campaign. No longer able to attend public meetings, Sisulu resigned as Secretary-General was forced to work in secret. Sisulu co-organised The 1955 Congress of People but was unable to participate in the event. In the aftermath of the Congress of People, 156 anti-apartheid activists were arrested, with thirty of them tried at the Treason Trial. Released on bail, Sisulu went underground which resulted in the arrest of Albertina Sisulu under General Laws Amendment Act of 1963. She became the first woman to be arrested under the General Laws Amendment Act.

Following the Sharpeville Massacre in 1960 Sisulu, Mandela and several others formed Umkonto we Sizwe, the military wing of the ANC. During 1962 and 1963 Sisulu was arrested six times but released on bail in April 1963 Sisulu went underground, joining up with the Umkonto we Sizwe, who were secretly located in Rivonia.  

In 1964, at the Rivonia Trial, Sisulu was sentenced to life imprisonment with other anti-apartheid activists. Sisulu served the majority of his sentence on Robben Island, and served the remaining at Pollsmoor Prison, Cape Town.

In 1989, after twenty-five years imprisonment, Sisulu was released from Pollsmoor Prison. He was elected Deputy President of the organisation in 1991, a year after the ANC was unbanned. Sisulu was responsible for restructuring the ANC in post-apartheid/democratic South Africa.

On the eve of South Africa’s democratic elections, Sisulu retired, and nine years later on 5 May 2003, following a long period of ill health Sisulu died. 




Share this:

CONVERSATION

4 comments:

  1. Testimony on how i got my LOAN.....(Brianloancompany@yahoo.com)

    Hello Everyone, I'm Harvey Lee a resident/citizen of the United States of America.I am 52 years of age an entrepreneur/businessman. I once had difficulties in financing my project/business.If not for a good friend of mine who introduced me to Mr Chester Brian to get a loan worth $250,000 USD from his company. When i contacted them it took just 48 hours to get my loan approved and transfer to my account after meeting all their modalities i to their loan agreement/terms and conditions. Even if you have bad credit they still offer there service to you. They also offer all kinds of loan such as Business loan,Home loan,Personal loan,Car loan,Loan for Business start up and Business Expansion. i don't know how to thank them for what they have done for me but God will reward Mr Chester Brian mightily.If you need an urgent financial assistance you can contact them today via this email (Brianloancompany@yahoo.com) OR text +1 (803) 373-2162 and also contact there webpage via brianloancompany.bravesites.com

    ReplyDelete
  2. FINANCIAL BREAKTHROUGH

    Life indeed is GRACE, I'am Daan Sophia currently in California USA. I would like to share my experience with you guys on how I got a loan of $185,000.00 USD to clear my bank draft and start up a new business. It all started when i lost my home and belongings due to the bank draft I took to offset some bills and some personal needs. I became so desperate and began to seek for funds at all means. Luckily for me I heard a colleague of mine talking about this company, I got interested although i was scared of being scammed, I was compelled by my situation and had no choice than to seek advise from my friend regarding this very company and was given their contact number, getting intouch with them really made me skeptical due to my past experience with online lenders, little did i know this very Company "PROGRESSIVE LOAN INC. was a godsent to me and my family and the entire Internet World, this company has been of great help to me and some of my colleague and today am a proud owner of well organized business and responsibilities are well handled all thanks to Josef Lewis of (progresiveloan@yahoo.com).. So if really you are genuinely in need of a loan either to expand or start up your own business or in any form of financial difficulty, i advise you give Mr Josef Lewis of Progressive loan the opportunity of financial upliftment in your life Email: progresiveloan@yahoo.com OR Call/Text +1(603) 786-7565 and not fall victim of online scam in the name of getting a loan. thanks


    ReplyDelete
  3. AFFORDABLE LOAN TODAY?

    APPLY FOR ALL KINDS OF XMAS LOAN WITH US TODAY! XMAS FREE GIFTS PACKAGE FOR CLIENTS INTERESTED

    We have provided over $500 Million in business loans to over 2,000 business owners just like you. We use our own designated risk technology to provide you with the right business loan so you can grow your business. Our services are fast and reliable, loans are approved within 24 hours of successful application. We offer loans from a minimum range of $5,000 to a maximum of $100 million.

    Do you find yourself in a bit of trouble with unpaid bills and dont know which way to go or where to turn? What about finding a reputable Debt Consolidation firm that can assist you in reducing monthly installment so that you will have affordable repayment options as well as room to breathe when it comes to the end of the month and bills need to get paid? UPGRADE LOANS is the answer. Reduce your payments to ease the strain on your monthly expenses. Email (upgradeloans@hotmail.com)DO YOU NEED 100% FINANCE? we give out loans with an affordable interest rate of 2% .UPGRADE LOANS, (upgradeloans@hotmail.com) aims is to provide Excellent Professional Financial Services.

    ReplyDelete
  4. I suspected my wife of cheating on me but I never had any proof. This went on for months, I didn't know what to do. i was so paranoid and decided to find a solution, i saw a recommendation about a private investigator and decided to contact him. I explained the situation about my wife to him and he said he was going to help me.I gave him all the informations he required and afterwards i received all my wife’s phones Text messages whatsApp messages and calls, I was hurt when i saw a picture of my wife and her lover. I feel so bad about infidelity. but i am glad Mr james was able to help me get all this information, you can contact him via email(worldcyberhackers@gmail.com) or Text/call : +12317945543

    ReplyDelete